The CommonJS AMD proposal defines an elegant, simple API for declaring modules that can be used with synchronous or asynchronous script-tag based loading in the browser. RequireJS already implements this API, and Dojo will soon have full support as well. The API for defining modules is as simple as:
define(, , );
This simple API can be used in a variety of different ways for different situations.
Modules are an integral architectural piece of robust application development since they allow individual components to be developed with proper dependency management. Modules can specify dependencies and these can be automatically resolved and loaded to bring various pieces together automatically. In application development this is vastly more scalable and easier than having to track all the different dependencies and manually load modules or insert script tags.