Getting started with Intern 4

By on August 30, 2017 1:00 pm

Unless you have a time machine or a TARDIS, it’s pretty rare to have solid documentation in place before an open source project is released! While we’re getting close to a beta release with the Intern 4 and while we still have a fair amount of documentation and refinements to complete, a number of people have started using Intern 4 to leverage its support for easier testing with modern ES6+ and/or TypeScript features.

Intern

Benefits of Intern 4

Intern 4 has many benefits and improvements over Intern 3 and previous approaches to testing. A few of these changes in approach are things that are now possible because of the modern JavaScript ecosystem.

No loader configuration

One of the biggest challenges for users getting started with Intern in the past was configuring Intern’s module loader. With Intern 4, we simply assume that you bring your own module loader or bundler, if needed.. Rather than requiring projects to adapt to Intern’s AMD environment, Intern 4 will adapt to the user’s environment.

The result is that Intern and its packages will be loaded like any other module, and Intern can be built/optimized for a target environment and/or loader. We believe this will make it simpler for users and developers to understand and use.

If you’re just testing Node.js code, or non-modular browser code, you do not have to specify any loader.

When testing code or writing test code that requires an external loader, within your Intern configuration, you now simply specify a loader property which can be a string with a loader name or the path to a loader script. It may also be an object with script and options properties. Intern provides built-in loader scripts for Dojo, Dojo 2, and SystemJS, accessible through the aliases dojo, dojo2, and systemjs, and it is straightforward to run tests using webpack and other bundlers. Environments with native ESM loader support will also be an option in the near future.

Consistent test runner

With Intern 3 and earlier, we had different client vs. runner commands to run a test suite. With Intern 4, we have a single unified test script. Instead you specify if a test suite is a unit test suite (suites), functional test suite functionalSuites, etc. The method used to run tests (in Node.js, in remote browsers, or as functional tests) is now entirely defined by the configuration rather than by how the tests are run (intern-client vs intern-runner). This should help our users have less challenges when getting started with Intern 4.

Extension points

With Intern 4, we now have more clearly defined extension points. In Intern 3 there were a variety of ways to extend Intern — the configuration file, config.before and config.after hooks, and custom reporters. In Intern 4, there is really just one way — event listeners in plugins. Plugins are scripts that are loaded by Intern just before test suites. They can access the Intern config, add event listeners, and register values (data or functionality) that can be used in test suites. All of Interns extensions (interfaces, reporters, assertions) are registered and made available through the plugin system.

Programmatic interface

Another new feature is that Intern has a more well defined programmatic interface. It is now possible to instantiate and configure an Intern executor in a user script!

import Node from 'intern/lib/executors/Node';

// Instantiate the executor and assign it to the `intern` global
const intern = global.intern = new Node();

// Configure the executor
intern.configure({
    suites: './_tests/**/*.js'
});

// A simple reporter
intern.on('testEnd', test => {
    if (test.passed) {
        console.log(`+ ${test.id}`);
    }
    else if (test.skipped) {
        console.log(`~ ${test.id}`);
    }
    else {
        console.log(`- ${test.id}`);
    }
});

// Run intern, exiting the script with a non-zero exit code if Intern has an error
intern.run().catch(error => {
    process.exit(-1);
});

Intern 4 tutorial

To give you a detailed introduction on getting started with Intern 4, we’re pleased to provide the first Intern 4 tutorial! The tutorial covers the following topics:

  • Installation
  • Configuration
  • Unit testing
  • Functional testing
  • Code coverage analysis
  • Remote testing

We hope this tutorial will encourage you to give Intern 4 an early look, and to provide us with feedback on areas where we can improve, and to report any issues you discover early on.

Beyond this tutorial, we’re also working on additional tutorials and examples for how to test Intern with Angular 2+, React+Redux, Dojo 2, and other modern frameworks.

We’re still aiming for an Intern final release in the near future, and we’re very excited by the changes to modernize Intern and provide a better foundation for testing modern JavaScript features.

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